Canadian Occupational Projection System (COPS)

Search for Occupational Projection Summaries (2019-2028)

The current COPS projections were completed in 2019, well before the 2020 COVID-19 outbreak that resulted in exceptional and abrupt economic and labour market disruptions in Canada as well as abroad. However, the focus of the COPS projections is on long-term trends in occupational labour markets, not on short-term developments. At the moment, these long-term trends are not expected to be affected markedly by the COVID-19 outbreak as its impacts are generally foreseen to be temporary.

Note: The projections were developed for 293 occupational groupings that cover the entire workforce, using the 2016 National Occupational Classification (NOC). For additional information on these groupings, please visit the COPS Occupational Groupings' Definition. For more information about the methodology used to assess each occupation, please click here.

Search Result : Web designers and developers (2175)

Occupational Outlook
BALANCE: Labour demand and labour supply are expected to be broadly in line for this occupation group over the 2019-2028 period at the national level. The section below contains more detailed information regarding the outlook for this occupational group.
Occupations in this Group
  • Web designers and developers (2175)
Skill Type
Natural and applied sciences and related occupations
Skill Level
Occupations usually require university education.
Employment in 2018
35,700
Median Age of workers in 2018
36.3 years old
Estimated Median Age of Retirement in 2018
61 years old

In order to determine the expected outlook of an occupation, the magnitude of the difference between the projected total numbers of new job seekers and job openings over the whole projection period (2019-2028) is analyzed in conjunction with an assessment of labour market conditions in recent years. The intention is to determine if recent labour market conditions (surplus, balance or shortage) are expected to persist or change over the period 2019-2028. For instance, if the analysis of key labour market indicators suggests that the number of job seekers was insufficient to fill the job openings (a shortage of workers) in an occupational group in recent years, the projections are used to assess if this situation will continue over the projection period or if the occupation will move towards balanced conditions.

Over the 2016-2018 period, employment in this occupational group increased faster than the national average, but the pace of growth has deaccelerated in recent years. The unemployment rate increased; however, it remained close to its own historical norms and below the national average in 2018. Finally, the number of unemployed workers per job vacancy remained stable over the period. Hence, the analysis of key labour market indicators suggests that the number of job seekers was sufficient to fill the job openings in this occupational group over the 2016-2018 period.

Over the period 2019-2028, the number of job openings (arising from expansion demand and replacement demand) for Web designers and developers are expected to total 10,900, while the number of job seekers (arising from school leavers, immigration and mobility) is expected to total 14,000 .

As job openings and job seekers are projected to be at relatively similar levels over the 2019-2028 period, the balance between labour supply and demand seen in recent years is expected to continue over the projection period. Retirements and job growth are expected to account for the majority of job openings. Employment is projected to grow at a higher rate than the average of all occupations. As a result, job creation will represent 54% of all openings, a proportion that is above the average of all occupations (about 27% of openings). Most of these workers are employed in the industries of computer systems design and related services; in finance, insurance, real estate and leasing services; as well as telecommunications, information and culture services industries. Demand for workers in this occupation is expected to be supported by technological changes. Indeed, rapid innovation will continue, inducing Canadian firms to adapt quickly and upgrade their IT infrastructure to remain digitally safe and competitive. In addition, new technological practices such as Blockchain will continue to emerge. This; accompanied with stronger penetration of e-commerce, the increasing popularity of data science and analytics, predictive analysis, machine learning as well as artificial intelligence; will provide opportunities to work as web designers and developers. In addition, workers with specific skills on innovative internet user experience are expected to be in particular demand in the short-term. Retirements will also account for a significant proportion of job openings (about 33%). However, the retirement rate is expected to be significantly below the average of all occupations as these workers tend to be younger, butto retire a similar age than the average Canadian worker.

With regard to labour supply, the number of school leavers is projected to continue to be high since the related fields of study remain attractive to young people. Immigration will continue to be a major contributor to job seekers, as this occupational group is very popular among newcomers. The skills typically required in this occupation are usually standard worldwide and not unique to the Canadian labour market. As a result, there are lower barriers for immigrants to become web designers and developers. In addition, foreigners in this occupational group coming from countries with a free trade agreement with Canada might be eligible to work in Canada, simplifying their entry and permanency in the country. Conversely, a significant number of workers are expected to leave this occupation for other related occupations, in particular to seek jobs in information and technology related occupations such as information systems analysts and consultants (NOC 2171).

Projection of Cumulative Job Openings and Job Seekers over the Period of 2019-2028

This table contains data related to Projected Job Openings.
Level Share
Expansion Demand: 5,900 54%
Retirements: 3,600 33%
Other Replacement Demand: 600 6%
Emigration: 800 7%
Projected Job Openings: 10,900 100%
This table contains data related to Projected Job Seekers.
Level Share
School Leavers: 15,000 107%
Immigration: 5,100 36%
Other: -6,000 -43%
Projected Job Seekers: 14,000 100%
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