Canadian Occupational Projection System (COPS)

Search for Occupational Projection Summaries (2019-2028)

The current COPS projections were completed in 2019, well before the 2020 COVID-19 outbreak that resulted in exceptional and abrupt economic and labour market disruptions in Canada as well as abroad. However, the focus of the COPS projections is on long-term trends in occupational labour markets, not on short-term developments. At the moment, these long-term trends are not expected to be affected markedly by the COVID-19 outbreak as its impacts are generally foreseen to be temporary.

Note: The projections were developed for 293 occupational groupings that cover the entire workforce, using the 2016 National Occupational Classification (NOC). For additional information on these groupings, please visit the COPS Occupational Groupings' Definition. For more information about the methodology used to assess each occupation, please click here.

Search Result : Technical occupations in architecture, drafting, surveying, geomatics (2250)

Occupational Outlook
SURPLUS: This occupational group is expected to face labour surplus conditions over the period of 2019-2028 at the national level. The section below contains more detailed information regarding the outlook for this occupational group.
Occupations in this Group
  • Architectural technologists and technicians (2251)
  • Industrial designers (2252)
  • Drafting technologists and technicians (2253)
  • Land survey technologists and technicians (2254)
  • Technical occupations in geomatics and meteorology (2255)
Skill Type
Natural and applied sciences and related occupations
Skill Level
Occupations usually require college or vocational education or apprenticeship training.
Employment in 2018
Median Age of workers in 2018
40.1 years old
Estimated Median Age of Retirement in 2018
65 years old

In order to determine the expected outlook of an occupation, the magnitude of the difference between the projected total numbers of new job seekers and job openings over the whole projection period (2019-2028) is analyzed in conjunction with an assessment of labour market conditions in recent years. The intention is to determine if recent labour market conditions (surplus, balance or shortage) are expected to persist or change over the period 2019-2028. For instance, if the analysis of key labour market indicators suggests that the number of job seekers was insufficient to fill the job openings (a shortage of workers) in an occupational group in recent years, the projections are used to assess if this situation will continue over the projection period or if the occupation will move towards balanced conditions.

After being stable over the past 10 years, employment in this occupational group increased faster than average over the 2016-2018 period, recording most of the growth in 2018. As a result, the unemployment rate decreased, falling below its own historical norms and the national average. The number of unemployed workers per job vacancy also decreased during the period, but the decrease and level were in line with the national average. In fact, the job vacancy rate (the number of job vacancies as a proportion of total demand) remained below the national average in each of the past 3 years. Hence, the analysis of key labour market indicators suggests that the number of job seekers was sufficient to fill the job openings in this occupational group over the 2016-2018 period.

Over the period 2019-2028, the number of job openings (arising from expansion demand and replacement demand) for Technical occupations in architecture, drafting, surveying, geomatics are expected to total 17,100, while the number of job seekers (arising from school leavers, immigration and mobility) is expected to total 38,400 .

Although this occupational group has had a balanced market in recent years, projected job seekers are expected to be substantially higher than job openings, creating a surplus of workers over the 2019-2028 period. The majority of job openings are projected to arise from employment growth and retirements. Retirements are expected to account for about 59% of total job openings, a proportion that is similar to the average of all occupations. As these workers tend to be younger than average, and tend to retire at an later age, the retirement rate is expected to be lower than the average of all occupations. Over the projection period, employment is expected to grow at a rate slightly lower than the average. This occupational group, which previously received much of its growth support from the construction industry, is projected to benefit from the recovery of the manufacturing sector to create new jobs during the projection period, particularly by the optimization of manufacturing processes in favour of productivity. The construction industry is projected to make a smaller contribution to employment growth, mainly due to the slowdown in residential investment growth.

With regard to labour supply, school leavers are expected to account for the majority of job seekers. A considerable number of immigrants are expected to continue entering this occupational group. Foreigners in this occupational group coming from countries with a free trade agreement with Canada might be eligible to work in Canada, simplifying their entry and permanency in the country. Finally, a significant number of workers are expected to seek work in this occupation from other related occupations, contributing to the expected surplus.

Projection of Cumulative Job Openings and Job Seekers over the Period of 2019-2028

This table contains data related to Projected Job Openings.
Level Share
Expansion Demand: 3,500 20%
Retirements: 10,000 58%
Other Replacement Demand: 1,800 11%
Emigration: 1,800 11%
Projected Job Openings: 17,100 100%
This table contains data related to Projected Job Seekers.
Level Share
School Leavers: 26,300 68%
Immigration: 6,900 18%
Other: 5,200 14%
Projected Job Seekers: 38,400 100%
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