Canadian Occupational Projection System (COPS)

Search for Occupational Projection Summaries (2019-2028)

The current COPS projections were completed in 2019, well before the 2020 COVID-19 outbreak that resulted in exceptional and abrupt economic and labour market disruptions in Canada as well as abroad. However, the focus of the COPS projections is on long-term trends in occupational labour markets, not on short-term developments. At the moment, these long-term trends are not expected to be affected markedly by the COVID-19 outbreak as its impacts are generally foreseen to be temporary.

Note: The projections were developed for 293 occupational groupings that cover the entire workforce, using the 2016 National Occupational Classification (NOC). For additional information on these groupings, please visit the COPS Occupational Groupings' Definition. For more information about the methodology used to assess each occupation, please click here.

Search Result : Registered nurses and registered psychiatric nurses (3012)

Occupational Outlook
SHORTAGE: This occupational group is expected to face labour shortage conditions over the period of 2019-2028 at the national level. The section below contains more detailed information regarding the outlook for this occupational group.
Occupations in this Group
  • Registered nurses and registered psychiatric nurses (3012)
Skill Type
Health occupations
Skill Level
Occupations usually require university education.
Employment in 2018
314,300
Median Age of workers in 2018
41.3 years old
Estimated Median Age of Retirement in 2018
61 years old

In order to determine the expected outlook of an occupation, the magnitude of the difference between the projected total numbers of new job seekers and job openings over the whole projection period (2019-2028) is analyzed in conjunction with an assessment of labour market conditions in recent years. The intention is to determine if recent labour market conditions (surplus, balance or shortage) are expected to persist or change over the period 2019-2028. For instance, if the analysis of key labour market indicators suggests that the number of job seekers was insufficient to fill the job openings (a shortage of workers) in an occupational group in recent years, the projections are used to assess if this situation will continue over the projection period or if the occupation will move towards balanced conditions.

The analysis of key labour market indicators such as job vacancies and employment growth as well as the unemployment rate suggests that the number of job openings exceeded substantially the number of job seekers in this occupational group over the 2016-2018 period.

Over the period 2019-2028, the number of job openings (arising from expansion demand and replacement demand) for Registered nurses and registered psychiatric nurses are expected to total 191,100, while the number of job seekers (arising from school leavers, immigration and mobility) is expected to total 154,600 .

The labour shortage conditions seen in recent years is expected to persist into the 2019-2028 period, and could even become more acute as the projected number of job openings is expected to be substantially larger than the projected number of job seekers over that period.

Projection of Cumulative Job Openings and Job Seekers over the Period of 2019-2028

This table contains data related to Projected Job Openings.
Level Share
Expansion Demand: 102,800 54%
Retirements: 72,500 38%
Other Replacement Demand: 8,100 4%
Emigration: 7,800 4%
Projected Job Openings: 191,100 100%
This table contains data related to Projected Job Seekers.
Level Share
School Leavers: 122,400 79%
Immigration: 16,700 11%
Other: 15,500 10%
Projected Job Seekers: 154,600 100%
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