Canadian Occupational Projection System (COPS)

Search for Occupational Projection Summaries (2017-2026)

Note: The projections were developed for 292 occupational groupings that cover the entire workforce, using the 2016 National Occupational Classification (NOC). For additional information on these groupings, please visit the COPS Occupational Groupings' Definition.  For more information about the methodology used to assess each occupation, please click here.

Search Result : Musicians and singers; Dancers; Actors and comedians & Painters, sculptors and other visual artists (5133)

Occupational Outlook
BALANCE: Labour demand and labour supply are expected to be broadly in line for this occupation group over the 2017-2026 period at the national level. The section below contains more detailed information regarding the outlook for this occupational group.
Occupations in this Group
  • Musicians and singers (5133)
  • Dancers (5134)
  • Actors and comedians (5135)
  • Painters, sculptors and other visual artists (5136)
Skill Type
Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport
Skill Level
Occupations usually require university education.
Employment in 2016
Median Age of workers in 2016
42.1 years old
Estimated Median Age of Retirement in 2016
66 years old

In order to determine the expected outlook of an occupation, the magnitude of the difference between the projected total numbers of new job seekers and job openings over the whole projection period (2017-2026) is analyzed in conjunction with an assessment of labour market conditions in recent years. The intention is to determine if recent labour market conditions (surplus, balance or shortage) are expected to persist or change over the period 2017-2026. For instance, if the analysis of key labour market indicators suggests that the number of job seekers was insufficient to fill the job openings (a shortage of workers) in an occupational group in recent years, the projections are used to assess if this situation will continue over the projection period or if the occupation will move towards balanced conditions.

Over the 2014-2016 period, employment in this occupation returned to its recent average level down from a peak in 2014. The unemployment rate remained mostly stable at 4.9% in 2016, on par with the historical average for this occupation and below the national average of 7.0%. However, the average hourly wage decreased. The mixed signals of key labour market indicators required the analysis of additional indicators, which suggested that the number of job seekers was sufficient to fill the job openings in this occupational group over the 2014-2016 period.

For Musicians and singers; Dancers; Actors and comedians & Painters, sculptors and other visual artists, over the period 2017-2026, new job openings (arising from expansion demand and replacement demand) are expected to total 23,300, while 22,700 new job seekers (arising from school leavers, immigration and mobility) are expected to be available to fill them.

As job openings and job seekers are projected to be at relatively similar levels over the 2017-2026 period, it is expected that the balance between labour supply and demand seen in recent years will continue over the projection period. The majority of job openings are expected to result from retirements, accounting for more than two-thirds of labour demand. Despite the importance of retirements in the number of job openings, the retirement rate is projected to be similar to the average for all occupations. Employment growth will be lower than the average for all occupations, and fewer jobs will be created than over the 2007-2016 period. Job creation in this occupational group reflects the slow growth in both consumer spending in the recreational sector and in artistic teaching spending. Over the projection period, employment growth will be the result of many conflicting trends. On the one hand, population aging is expected to stimulate the demand for recreational services, and thus encourage growth in these occupations. On the other hand, it is projected that the growth in artistic teaching of youth will slow down as a result of slower growth in the number of children 5 to 17 years old. Additionally, and more specifically in relation to actors and comedians, the rise of internet movie platforms will tend to increase competition between local and foreign productions, as consumers will have access to a wider range of movies from other countries. This increased competition with foreign workers will tend to limit growth in these occupations. Furthermore, technical changes will decrease the demand for these workers. For instance, the use of computers in music-making will reduce the need for both live and studio musicians. With regard to labour supply, school leavers are expected to account for the majority of job seekers. Indeed, this occupational group is popular among school leavers due to the artistic nature of the tasks involved and the high popularity of certain artists in these occupations. Also, almost one-fifth of the job seekers will be new immigrants. Many workers in this occupation are expected to seek a more managerial role, such as managers - publishing, motion pictures, broadcasting and performing arts, or simply a job with less precarious status.

Projection of Cumulative Job Openings and Job Seekers over the Period of 2017-2026

This table contains data related to Projected Job Openings.
Level Share
Expansion Demand: 3,700 16%
Retirements: 16,100 69%
Other Replacement Demand: 2,400 10%
Emigration: 1,100 5%
Projected Job Openings: 23,300 100%
This table contains data related to Projected Job Seekers.
Level Share
School Leavers: 20,900 92%
Immigration: 4,500 20%
Other: -2,600 -11%
Projected Job Seekers: 22,700 100%
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