Canadian Occupational Projection System (COPS)

Search for Occupational Projection Summaries (2017-2026)

Note: The projections were developed for 292 occupational groupings that cover the entire workforce, using the 2016 National Occupational Classification (NOC). For additional information on these groupings, please visit the COPS Occupational Groupings' Definition.  For more information about the methodology used to assess each occupation, please click here.

Search Result : Graphic designers and illustrators (5241)

Occupational Outlook
Shortage: This occupational group is expected to face labour shortage conditions over the period of 2017-2026 at the national level. The section below contains more detailed information regarding the outlook for this occupational group.
Occupations in this Group
  • Graphic designers and illustrators (5241)
Skill Type
Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport
Skill Level
Occupations usually require college or vocational education or apprenticeship training.
Employment in 2016
Median Age of workers in 2016
39 years old
Estimated Median Age of Retirement in 2016
66 years old

In order to determine the expected outlook of an occupation, the magnitude of the difference between the projected total numbers of new job seekers and job openings over the whole projection period (2017-2026) is analyzed in conjunction with an assessment of labour market conditions in recent years. The intention is to determine if recent labour market conditions (surplus, balance or shortage) are expected to persist or change over the period 2017-2026. For instance, if the analysis of key labour market indicators suggests that the number of job seekers was insufficient to fill the job openings (a shortage of workers) in an occupational group in recent years, the projections are used to assess if this situation will continue over the projection period or if the occupation will move towards balanced conditions.

Over the 2014-2016 period, this occupational group experienced an increase in employment much larger than the average for all occupations. The unemployment rate decreased to 3.8% in 2016, a rate below the national average of 7.0%. For its part, the average hourly wage stayed stable during this period. Hence, the analysis of key labour market indicators suggests that the number of job seekers was insufficient to fill all the job openings in this occupational group over the 2014-2016 period.

For Graphic designers and illustrators, over the period 2017-2026, new job openings (arising from expansion demand and replacement demand) are expected to total 21,400, while 21,200 new job seekers (arising from school leavers, immigration and mobility) are expected to be available to fill them.

As job openings and job seekers are projected to be at a relatively similar level over the 2017-2026 period, it is expected that the shortage of job seekers seen in recent years will continue over the projection period. Job openings are projected to come from both employment growth and retirements. Employment growth is expected to be higher than the average for all occupations, although fewer jobs will be created than over the 2007-2016 period. Over the last decade, new computer and telecommunications technologies allowed great improvements in the graphic quality of printed products, therefore boosting the demand for these workers. Over the projection period, it is expected that this trend will continue, but at a slower pace than before. Retirements are still projected to account for almost one-third of all job openings even if the retirement rate will be lower than the average for all occupations. The lower retirement rate for this occupational group is explained by the fact that these workers are typically younger than in other occupations and tend to retire later in their career. With regard to labour supply, school leavers are projected to account for the vast majority of job seekers. Indeed, the number of school leavers alone is projected to exceed total job openings. This occupational group is very popular among school leavers due to the artistic and creative nature of the tasks, as well as the attractiveness of multimedia and new technologies to young people. Furthermore, immigration will also provide its fair share of job seekers over the projection period. However, a large number of workers is expected to leave this group to work in other occupations, closing the gap between the few openings and large number of school leavers during the 2017-2026 period.

Projection of Cumulative Job Openings and Job Seekers over the Period of 2017-2026

This table contains data related to Projected Job Openings.
Level Share
Expansion Demand: 11,200 52%
Retirements: 6,900 32%
Other Replacement Demand: 1,900 9%
Emigration: 1,400 7%
Projected Job Openings: 21,400 100%
This table contains data related to Projected Job Seekers.
Level Share
School Leavers: 31,800 150%
Immigration: 6,300 30%
Other: -16,900 -80%
Projected Job Seekers: 21,200 100%
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