Canadian Occupational Projection System (COPS)

Search for Occupational Projection Summaries (2017-2026)

Note: The projections were developed for 292 occupational groupings that cover the entire workforce, using the 2016 National Occupational Classification (NOC). For additional information on these groupings, please visit the COPS Occupational Groupings' Definition.  For more information about the methodology used to assess each occupation, please click here.

Search Result : Data entry clerks & Desktop publishing operators and related occupations (1422)

Occupational Outlook
Surplus: This occupational group is expected to face labour surplus conditions over the period of 2017-2026 at the national level. The section below contains more detailed information regarding the outlook for this occupational group.
Occupations in this Group
  • Data entry clerks (1422)
  • Desktop publishing operators and related occupations (1423)
Skill Type
Business, finance and administration occupations
Skill Level
Occupations usually require secondary school and/or occupation-specific training.
Employment in 2016
37,500
Median Age of workers in 2016
39.8 years old
Estimated Median Age of Retirement in 2016
61 years old

In order to determine the expected outlook of an occupation, the magnitude of the difference between the projected total numbers of new job seekers and job openings over the whole projection period (2017-2026) is analyzed in conjunction with an assessment of labour market conditions in recent years. The intention is to determine if recent labour market conditions (surplus, balance or shortage) are expected to persist or change over the period 2017-2026. For instance, if the analysis of key labour market indicators suggests that the number of job seekers was insufficient to fill the job openings (a shortage of workers) in an occupational group in recent years, the projections are used to assess if this situation will continue over the projection period or if the occupation will move towards balanced conditions.

Over the 2014-2016 period, this occupational group experienced a significant drop in employment. The unemployment rate stayed relatively stable at 11.0% in 2016, well above the national average of 7.0%. Furthermore, it was among the highest in all the business, finance and administration occupations. The average hourly wage decreased during this period. Employment in this occupation has been declining for a number of years as a result of new technologies that have revolutionized clerical and secretarial work for data entry clerks. Hence, analysis of key labour market indicators suggests that the number of job seekers substantially exceeded the number of job openings in this occupational group over the 2014-2016 period.

For Data entry clerks & Desktop publishing operators and related occupations, over the period 2017-2026, new job openings (arising from expansion demand and replacement demand) are expected to total 5,300, while 5,300 new job seekers (arising from school leavers, immigration and mobility) are expected to be available to fill them.

As job openings and job seekers are projected to be at relatively similar levels over the 2017-2026 period, the surplus conditions seen in recent years is expected to continue over the projection period. All the job openings are expected to result from replacement demand, specifically the need to replace individuals who will retire. As businesses increasingly use technologies such as text recognition and automated file format conversion software, employment in this occupation is expected to continue to decrease over the next few years, albeit at a slower pace than recorded over the 2007-2016 period. Moreover, the retirement rate is projected to be slightly higher than the average for all occupations, as workers in this occupation retire earlier than average. With regard to labour supply, the vast majority of job seekers are projected to come directly from the school system. Immigration is also expected to account for a sizeable number of job seekers over the projection period. However, because of the low wages and poor job prospects, many workers are expected to leave this occupation over the next few years, primarily for other clerical or administrative occupations. This outward mobility is expected to eliminate part of the labour surplus in this occupation, but not all of it.

Projection of Cumulative Job Openings and Job Seekers over the Period of 2017-2026

This table contains data related to Projected Job Openings.
Level Share
Expansion Demand: -6,300 -119%
Retirements: 10,200 192%
Other Replacement Demand: 900 17%
Emigration: 600 11%
Projected Job Openings: 5,300 100%
This table contains data related to Projected Job Seekers.
Level Share
School Leavers: 13,500 255%
Immigration: 4,000 75%
Other: -12,100 -228%
Projected Job Seekers: 5,300 100%
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