Canadian Occupational Projection System (COPS)

Search for Occupational Projection Summaries (2019-2028)

The current COPS projections were completed in 2019, well before the 2020 COVID-19 outbreak that resulted in exceptional and abrupt economic and labour market disruptions in Canada as well as abroad. However, the focus of the COPS projections is on long-term trends in occupational labour markets, not on short-term developments. At the moment, these long-term trends are not expected to be affected markedly by the COVID-19 outbreak as its impacts are generally foreseen to be temporary.

Note: The projections were developed for 293 occupational groupings that cover the entire workforce, using the 2016 National Occupational Classification (NOC). For additional information on these groupings, please visit the COPS Occupational Groupings' Definition. For more information about the methodology used to assess each occupation, please click here.

Search Result : Paramedical occupations (3234)

Occupational Outlook
BALANCE: Labour demand and labour supply are expected to be broadly in line for this occupation group over the 2019-2028 period at the national level. The section below contains more detailed information regarding the outlook for this occupational group.
Occupations in this Group
  • Paramedical occupations (3234)
Skill Type
Health occupations
Skill Level
Occupations usually require college or vocational education or apprenticeship training.
Employment in 2018
Median Age of workers in 2018
37.6 years old
Estimated Median Age of Retirement in 2018
62 years old

In order to determine the expected outlook of an occupation, the magnitude of the difference between the projected total numbers of new job seekers and job openings over the whole projection period (2019-2028) is analyzed in conjunction with an assessment of labour market conditions in recent years. The intention is to determine if recent labour market conditions (surplus, balance or shortage) are expected to persist or change over the period 2019-2028. For instance, if the analysis of key labour market indicators suggests that the number of job seekers was insufficient to fill the job openings (a shortage of workers) in an occupational group in recent years, the projections are used to assess if this situation will continue over the projection period or if the occupation will move towards balanced conditions.

Over the 2016-2018 period, employment in this occupational group increased at a similar pace than the average for all occupations. However, the unemployment rate remained relatively stable at 2.1% in 2018, well below the national average of 5.8%. The number of job vacancies remained stable as well. Although the number of unemployed workers per job vacancy was below the average for all occupations, it remained at or above 1 available worker per job vacancy, so a lack of available workers likely did not restrict employment growth. Hence, analysis of key labour market indicators suggests that the number of job seekers was sufficient to fill the job openings in this occupational group.

Over the period 2019-2028, the number of job openings (arising from expansion demand and replacement demand) for Paramedical occupations are expected to total 8,300, while the number of job seekers (arising from school leavers, immigration and mobility) is expected to total 8,800 .

As job openings and job seekers are projected to be at relatively similar levels over the 2019-2028 period, the balance between labour supply and demand seen in recent years is expected to continue over the projection period. Job openings are projected to arise from both employment growth and retirements. Retirements are projected to account for almost 40% of job openings. Pressures arising from these departures are anticipated to be below the national average as workers in this occupational grouping retire slightly earlier than the national average, but are significantly younger than workers across all occupations. Job creation is expected to account for about 50% of job openings. Similar to most occupations in the health sector, the aging population is expected to increase the demand for health care workers, including paramedical occupations. Indeed, health problems associated with aging that require urgent transportation, such as a heart attack or a cerebrovascular incident, are expected to maintain the demand for paramedics. On the other hand, hospital centers are increasingly promoting cheaper means of transportation than ambulances for carrying patients between institutions, such as taxis, family members, paratransit services, etc. Despite these measures to reduce the need for workers in this occupation, employment growth is expected to be higher than the average for all occupations. With regard to labour supply, school leavers are projected to account for the majority of job seekers. Indeed, most of these workers need to be licensed by a provincial or territorial regulatory body, which is expected to impose barriers for new job seekers coming from other occupations or immigration. Moreover, the nature of the work in this occupational group is very demanding both physically and psychologically. It also requires extensive availability, because paramedics often work evenings, nights and weekends. Working hours that are very long and doing overtime are very common characteristics of the working conditions in this occupation. This explains why many workers from this occupational group are expected to seek employment in other occupations.

Projection of Cumulative Job Openings and Job Seekers over the Period of 2019-2028

This table contains data related to Projected Job Openings.
Level Share
Expansion Demand: 4,000 48%
Retirements: 3,100 37%
Other Replacement Demand: 500 6%
Emigration: 600 7%
Projected Job Openings: 8,300 100%
This table contains data related to Projected Job Seekers.
Level Share
School Leavers: 11,400 130%
Immigration: 400 5%
Other: -3,000 -34%
Projected Job Seekers: 8,800 100%
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