Canadian Occupational Projection System (COPS)

Search for Occupational Projection Summaries (2019-2028)

The current COPS projections were completed in 2019, well before the 2020 COVID-19 outbreak that resulted in exceptional and abrupt economic and labour market disruptions in Canada as well as abroad. However, the focus of the COPS projections is on long-term trends in occupational labour markets, not on short-term developments. At the moment, these long-term trends are not expected to be affected markedly by the COVID-19 outbreak as its impacts are generally foreseen to be temporary.

Note: The projections were developed for 293 occupational groupings that cover the entire workforce, using the 2016 National Occupational Classification (NOC). For additional information on these groupings, please visit the COPS Occupational Groupings' Definition. For more information about the methodology used to assess each occupation, please click here.

Search Result : Engineering managers & Architecture and science managers (0211)

Occupational Outlook
BALANCE: Labour demand and labour supply are expected to be broadly in line for this occupation group over the 2019-2028 period at the national level. The section below contains more detailed information regarding the outlook for this occupational group.
Occupations in this Group
  • Engineering managers (0211)
  • Architecture and science managers (0212)
Skill Type
Management occupations
Skill Level
Management occupations
Employment in 2018
Median Age of workers in 2018
45.6 years old
Estimated Median Age of Retirement in 2018
62 years old

In order to determine the expected outlook of an occupation, the magnitude of the difference between the projected total numbers of new job seekers and job openings over the whole projection period (2019-2028) is analyzed in conjunction with an assessment of labour market conditions in recent years. The intention is to determine if recent labour market conditions (surplus, balance or shortage) are expected to persist or change over the period 2019-2028. For instance, if the analysis of key labour market indicators suggests that the number of job seekers was insufficient to fill the job openings (a shortage of workers) in an occupational group in recent years, the projections are used to assess if this situation will continue over the projection period or if the occupation will move towards balanced conditions.

Over the 2016-2018 period, this occupation experienced job losses, largely concentrated in 2016, but following a rapid increase since 2011. The unemployment rate increased slightly, but remained below its own historical average and below the national average in 2018. Finally, as the number of unemployed workers increased roughly at the same pace as the number of job vacancies, the ratio of unemployed workers to job vacancies remained mostly stable and below the Canadian average. Hence, the analysis of key labour market indicators suggests that the number of job seekers was sufficient to fill the job openings in this occupational group over the 2016-2018 period.

Over the period 2019-2028, the number of job openings (arising from expansion demand and replacement demand) for Engineering managers & Architecture and science managers are expected to total 15,200, while the number of job seekers (arising from school leavers, immigration and mobility) is expected to total 17,900 .

As job openings and job seekers are projected to be at relatively similar levels over the 2019-2028 period, the balance between labour supply and demand seen in recent years is expected to continue over the projection period. The majority of job openings are expected to arise from employment growth and retirements. As workers in this occupational group tend to be older than the average for all occupations, the retirement rate is expected to be slightly higher than the national average. Still, retirements will account for about 59% of total job openings, a proportion that is comparable to the average of all occupations. Employment growth is projected to be slightly greater than the average of all occupations. Job creation in this occupational group depends on the demand for engineering, particularly in the manufacturing, construction, mining and computer industries, where the importance of increasing productivity stimulated the need for all kinds of engineers over the 2009-2018 period. This trend is expected to continue over the projection period, but at a slower pace than in the past. With regard to labour supply, given that many years of experience are generally required to obtain a management position, it is not surprising that the majority of job seekers will come from other occupations, mainly professionals related to natural and applied sciences. Still, the school system is expected to provide about 13% of the job seekers in this occupational group. Finally, a sizeable number of new immigrants are also projected to become engineering, architecture and science managers.

Projection of Cumulative Job Openings and Job Seekers over the Period of 2019-2028

This table contains data related to Projected Job Openings.
Level Share
Expansion Demand: 4,300 28%
Retirements: 9,000 59%
Other Replacement Demand: 1,100 7%
Emigration: 800 5%
Projected Job Openings: 15,200 100%
This table contains data related to Projected Job Seekers.
Level Share
School Leavers: 2,200 12%
Immigration: 3,400 19%
Other: 12,200 68%
Projected Job Seekers: 17,900 100%
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