Canadian Occupational Projection System (COPS)

The current COPS projections were completed in 2019, well before the 2020 COVID-19 outbreak that resulted in exceptional and abrupt economic and labour market disruptions in Canada as well as abroad. However, the focus of the COPS projections is on long-term trends in occupational labour markets, not on short-term developments. At the moment, these long-term trends are not expected to be affected markedly by the COVID-19 outbreak as its impacts are generally foreseen to be temporary.

Employment and Social Development Canada (ESDC) uses the models of the Canadian Occupational Projection System (COPS) and the National Occupational Classification (NOC, 2016 version) to develop projections on the number of job openings and job seekers for 293 occupational groupings at the national level, covering the entire workforce. The projections allow for the identification of those occupations that may face labour shortage or labour surplus conditions over the medium term. The latest projections cover the 2019 to 2028 period.

Users can access:

  • Summaries of the projections by occupation or industry
  • Detailed projection data by occupation or industry
  • Information documents covering the major components of the projections

Click on the About the Projections and Glossary sections for important additional information. Please contact us for further enquiries on COPS.

Click on any of the sections below to continue.


Projection Summaries

Use this section to access summaries of projection results by occupation or industry. Summaries are available for 292 occupational groupings covering the entire workforce and 42 industries covering the entire economy.

Projection Data

Access full datasets, including projections on population, labour force, employment, gross domestic product, job openings and job seekers.



Information Documents

Access the following synthesis of the projections:

  • macroeconomic outlook
  • industrial distribution of economic activity
  • job openings
  • job seekers
  • future labour market conditions

Employment and Social Development Canada makes no representation or warranty, express or implied, as to the accuracy or completeness of the COPS projections.

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